Tembot Kerashev | КIэрэщэ Тембот (1902-1988)

Tembot Kerashev
Tembot Kerashe and Zhane K'rimiz | Photo by Heinz Krüger

Kerashev, Tembot Magometovich - [КIэрэщэ Тембот]: 16 (7?) August 1902, Koshekhabl, Russia - 8 February 1988, Maykop, Russia

Kerashev was born in the aul (village) of Koshekhabl’, in present-day Adyghe Autonomous Oblast. Soviet Adyghean writer. Member of the CPSU since 1928.

Kerashev graduated from the Institute of Industrial Economics in Moscow (1929). His work was first published in 1925. His articles, essays, and short stories of the 1920’s and early 1930’s depict the revolutionary changes in the life, work, and psychology of the Adyghean peasantry.

Kerashev was the first in the literature of the peoples of the Northern Caucasus to write in the genre of the social novel. An example of this genre is his novel The Road to Happiness (1940; Russian translation, 1947; State Prize of the USSR, 1948), which deals with the construction of socialist economy and culture in Adyghea. His novel Competing With a Dream (book 1, 1955, in Russian) is devoted to the postwar life of an Adyghean aul. Kerashev is the author of such novellas as The Daughter of the Shapsugs (1951, in Russian), Abrek (or Rebel Mountaineers, 1957; Russian translation, 1959), and The Revenge of the Horse Herder. He raised the problem of the upbringing of youth in the novella The Daughter of a Wise Mother (1963) and the novel Kuko (1968). Kerashev’s works are characterized by realistic descriptions of characters and landscapes, psychological penetration of characters, and a polemically passionate style. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor as well as medals.

Some of Kerashev’s works were translated to Turkish and published in Turkey by the Circassian Diaspora there. Other languages into which Kerashev’s works were translated include Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Czech, and Chinese. None of his works were translated into Western European languages.

The Republic of Adyghea Institute for Research in the Humanities, established in 1927, is named after him, for he acted as its first Director. It is the only institution in Adyghea devoted exclusively to the study of the Adyghe (Circassian) people.

WORKS

Kerashev (Cherashe), T. M., "Pisateli Kabardino-Balkarii" ["Writers of Kabardino-Balkaria"], in Literaturni sbornik, Moscow, 1935.
–– (ed.), "Adyghe Txidezchxemre Pshisexemre" ["Circassian Tales and Legends"], Maikop, 1939.
–– "Adyghe Weredizchxer" ["Ancient Circassian Songs"], Maikop, 1940.
–– "Nasipim yi Ghwegw" ["The Road to Happiness"], Maikop, 1954.
–– Abdzekhe shekiozh’yr. Maikop, 1969.
–– Nasypym ig”ogu, 3rd ed. Maikop, 1970. In Russian translation:
–– Izbr. proizv., vols. 1–2. Krasnodar, 1964–65.
–– "Selected Works in Three Volumes: Vol. 2", Maikop, 1982.
–– "Selected Works in Three Volumes: Vol. 3. Kuko. Lonely Rider. Tales", Maikop, 1983.
–– "Selected Works", Vol. 1, Maikop, 1987. [In Circassian]
–– "Selected Works", Vol. 2, Maikop, 1988. [In Circassian]