Chronological tables.

I. Mamalik (Mamluk) Sultans in Egypt and Syria (648-922 from Khidjra, 1250-1517 A.D.)

Bahry Mamaliks (648-792 / 1250-1390)

By Khidjra

A.D.

The names of Mamaliks

National origin

648

1250

Shajarat ad-Dourr

Turkish

648

1250

Al-Mueez Izaddin Aybak

Turkman

655

1257

Al-Mansour Nuraddin Ali

Turkman

657

1259

Al-Muzaffar Sayd Addin Khutuz

Circassian

658

1260

Az-Zahir Roukhn Addin Bibars I Al-Bundoukhdari

Circassian

676

1277

As-Said Nasir Addin Baraka

Circassian

678

1280

Al-Adel Badr Addin Salamesh

Circassian

678

1280

Al-Mansour Sayf Addin Qalawoon Al-Alfi

Circassian

689

1290

Al-Ashraf Salah Addin Halil

Circassian

693

1294

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Muhammad

Circassian

694

1295

Al-Adel Zayn Addin Kitbougha

Mongol

696

1297

Al-Mansour Husam Addin Ladjin

unknown

698

1299

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Muhammad (second time)

Circassian

708

1309

Al-muzaffar Roukn Addin Bibars II Al-Djanshaghir (bourdji)

Circassian

709

1310

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Muhammad (third time)

Circassian

741

1340

Al-Mansour Sayf Addin Abu Bakr

Circassian

742

1341

Al-Ashraf Ala Addin Qudjouk

Circassian

743

1342

An-Nasir Shihab Addin Ahmad

Circassian

743

1342

As-Salih Imad Addin Ismail

Circassian

746

1345

Al-Qamil Sayf Addin Shaban II

Circassian

747

1346

Al-Muzaffar Sayf Addin Hadji I

Circassian

748

1347

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Al-Hasan

Circassian

752

1351

As-Saleh Salah Addin Saleh

Circassian

755

1354

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Al-Hasan (second time)

Circassian

762

1361

Al-Mansour Salah Addin Muhammad

Circassian

764

1363

Al-Ashraf Nasir Addin Shaban II

Circassian

778

1376

Al-Mansour Ala Addin Ali

Circassian

783

1382

As-Salih Salah Addin Hadji II

Circassian

784

1382

Az-Zahar Sayf Addin Barkouk (bourdji)

Circassian

791

1389

Hadji II (second time with the honored title Al-Muzaffar)

Circassian

Bourdji Mamaliks (784-922 / 1382-1517)

By Khidjra

A.D.

The names of Mamaliks

National origin

784

1382

Az-Zahir Sayf Addin Barkouk

Circassian

791

1389

Hadji II (second time, Bahry mamalik)

Circassian

792

1390

Az-Zahir Sayf Addin Barkouk (second time)

Circassian

801

1399

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Faradj

Circassian

808

1405

Al-Mansour Azzaddin Abdal Aziz

Circassian

808

1405

An-Nasir Nasir Addin Faradj (second time)

Circassian

815

1412

Al-Adel Al-Mustayn (Abbasi Khalef, proclaimed as Sultan)

Arab

815

1412

Al-Muayad Sayf Addin Shayh

Circassian

824

1421

Al-Muzaffar Ahmad

Circassian

824

1421

Az-Zahir Sayf Addin Tatar

Circassian

824

1421

As-Salih Nasir Addin Muhammad

Circassian

825

1422

Al-Ashraf Sayf Addin Barsbay

Circassian

841

1438

Al-Aziz Djamal Addin Yusuf

Circassian

842

1438

Az-Zahir Sayf Addin Djakhmak

Circassian

857

1453

Al-Mansour Fahr Addin Osman

Circassian

857

1453

Al-Ashraf Sayf Addin Enal

Circassian

865

1461

Al-Muayad Shihab Addin Ahmad

Circassian

865

1461

Az-Zahir Sayf Addin Khushkadam

Greek

872

1467

Az-Zahir Sayf Addin Belbay

Circassian

872

1468

Az-Zahir Temurbougha

Albanian

872

1468

Al-Ashraf Sayf Addin Qaytbay

Circassian

901

1496

An-Nasir Muhammad

Circassian

903

1498

Az-Zahir Qanshaw

Circassian

905

1500

Al-Ashraf Djanbulat

Circassian

906

1501

Al-Adel Sayf Addin Tumanbay I

Circassian

906

1501

Al-Ashraf Qanshaw Al-Ghouri

Circassian

922

1517

Al-Ashraf Tumanbay II

Circassian

 

II. Sultans of Ottoman Empire (1281-1924)

The name of Sultan

Years of government

The origin of mother

1. Osman I

1281-1324

Osman

2. Orkhan

1324-1360

Osman

3. Murad I

1360-1389

Greek

4. Bayezid I

1389-1413

Greek

5. Mehmed I

1413-1421

Gemiyanoglu (Turkman)

6. Murad II

1421-1444

Dulkadirili (Turkman)

7. Mehmed II

1444-1446

supposedly Slav from Macedonia

Murad II (second time)

1446-1451

Dulkadirili (Turkman)

Mehmed II (second time)

1451-1481

supposedly Slav from Macedonia

8. Bayezid II

1481-1512

Osman

9. Selim I

1512-1520

Dulkadirili

10. Suleyman I

1520-1566

Osman-Circassian

11. Selim II

1566-1574

Ukrainian

12. Murad III

1574-1595

Venecian

13. Mehmed III

1595-1603

?

14. Ahmed I

1603-1617

?

15. Mustafa I

1617-1618

?

16. Osman II

1618-1622

supposedly Greek

Mustafa I (second time)

1622-1623

?

17. Murad IV

1623-1640

Greek

18. Ibrahim

1640-1648

Greek

19. Mehmed IV

1648-1678

Russian

20. Suleyman II

1678-1691

?

21. Ahmed II

1691-1695

?

22. Mustafa II

1695-1703

Greek from Cyprus

23. Ahmed III

1703-1730

Greek from Cyprus

24. Mahmud I

1730-1754

?

25. Osman II

1754-1757

Russian

26. Mustafa III

1757-1774

?

27. Abdul-Hamid I

1774-1789

Circassian

28. Selim III

1789-1807

Circassian

29. Mustafa IV

1807-1808

Circassian

30. Mahmud II

1808-1839

Circassian

31. Abdul-Majid I

1839-1861

Circassian

32. Abdul-Aziz

1861-1876

Circassian

33. Murad V

1876

Circassian

34. Abdul-Hamid II

1876-1909

Circassian

35. Mehmed V

1909-1918

Circassian

36. Mehmed VI

1918-1922

Circassian

37. Abdul-Majid II (Khalef)

1922-1924

Circassian

 

III. Great Vezirs of North-Caucasian origin in Ottoman Empire.

Great Vezirs' names

Years during service

Origin

Ozdamir-oglu Osman-pasha

1584-1585

Circassian (Adigha)

Darwish Mehmed-pasha

1653-1654

Circassian (Adigha)

Siyawuish-pasha

1651, 1656

Circassian (Abaza)

Melek Ahmed-pasha

1650-1651

Circassian (Abaza)

Suleyman-pasha

1712

Circassian (Abaza)

Djezairli Hasan-pasha

1787, 1789

Circassian (Adigha)

Hasan-pasha Meyyit

1789

Circassian (Adigha)

Khousrew Mehmed-pasha

1838-1840

Circassian (Adigha)

Tunuslu Khayreddin-pasha

1878

Circassian (Adigha)

 

IV. Mamalik Emirs, Rulers of Egypt during Osman period (1517-1811)

Mamalik Emirs' names

Years during service

Origin

1. Sayf Addin Khayr-bey

1517-1522

Circassian

From the 1522 untill 1630 there was right government of Osman Sultans in the Egypt. From 1630 the power is passed onto Mamaliks, and in 1711 Egyptian pashalik was transformed into half-independent Emirat-Beylikat, which meant proclamation of Mamalik system of government.

2. Kitas-bey

?-1631

Circassian

3. Ridvan-bey Al-Fakari, and his co-ruler Qanshaw-bey Al-Qassimi

1631-1656

1631-1647

Circassian

Circassian

4. Ahmad-bey Al-Qassimi

1656, 1659-1662

Bosnian

5. Ibrahim-bey ibn Zoulfikar Al-Faqari

1692-1694

Circassian

6. Ivaz-bey Al-Qassimi

?-1711

Circassian

7. Kitas-bey Al-Faqari

1711-1714

Circassian

8. Ibrahim-bey Al-Qassimi, and his co-ruler Ismail-bey ibn Ivaz

1714-1719

Bosnian

Circassian

9. Mehmed-bey Al-Qassimi

1719-1731

Circassian

10. Osman-bey Al-Faqari

1731-1739

Circassian

11. Ibrahim-Qatkhoda Al-Kazdouglu, and his co-ruler Ridvan-bey, "aga" of Circassian corps

1744-1754

Georgian

Circassian

12. Ali-bey Al-Qabir,

1754-1773

Abkhazian

From the 1763 - The only Ruler after destroying of opposite group's leader - Cherkes Ibrahim-bey.

13. Muhammad-bey Abu Zahab

1773-1775

Circassian

14. Murad-bey (died in 1801), his co-ruler Ibrahim-bey (died in 1816)

1775-1798

Circassian

Geogian

15. Shahin-bey Al-Muradi

1801

Circassian

16. Muhammad-bey Al-Alfi Ad-Muradi, and his co-ruler Bashtak-bey.

1801-1807

Circassian

Circassian

After the death of Muhammad-bey Al-Alfi in 1807, power is passed onto Albanian Muhammad Ali, which was the leader of Osman troops in the Egypt, who received "firman" in 1805 about confirmation of his appointment of Vice-King.

From the Book of Samir Khotko 'Genesis of Circassian elites in Mamalik Sultanat and Osman Empire', in Russian. Maykop, 1999.
Prepared and translated by Ali Berzeg.

Circassian Mamluks period (1382-1517)

  The Circassians in Mamluk Kingdom
                 Amjad Jaimoukha's Page

The Economic Decline of Circassian Mamluks in Egypt, 1468 - 1517
By Wan Kamal Mujani

Circassian Mamluk Cairo



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