Russia Profile - 03/27/2012 - As the violence in Syria rages on, an underreported struggle is taking place over the country’s Circassian community, which has increasingly come under fire as tensions between the Bashar al-Assad regime and opposition forces escalate. With the Assad regime apparently no longer able to ensure the Circassians’ protection, many are turning to Russia, their ancestral homeland, as a safe haven – something the Kremlin may be keen to exploit.Their ethnic roots dug into Russia’s multicultural North Caucasus, the Circassians were pushed out of the region after a bloody campaign against them by Imperial Russia in the late 19th century. Most were either slaughtered or became displaced from their homeland, winding up in such far-flung locales as Turkey, Jordan and Iraq. Those who remained were scattered throughout the northwest region of the Caucasus, populating today’s Russian republics of Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, and Karachayevo-Cherkessia.
Selections from Travels in Circassia, Krim Tartary, Etcetera by Edmund Spencer, Esq. (originally published in 1837) - Upon Entering Circassian Proper - Circassian...
The massacre of the Circassians, a forgotten people, serves as the subject of Stephen D. Shenfield’s essay. The Circassians were forced to resettle after the tsarist conquest of their territory.
Sir H. Bulwer to Earl Russell. – (Received April 23) Constantinople, April 12, 1864 -- My Lord,The continued advances of the Russians in Circassia, and the ill-treatment...
Tevfik Esenç (1904 - October 7, 1992) was a Circassian exile in Turkey and the last known speaker of the Ubykh language. Esenç was raised by his Ubykh-speaking grandparents...
- End of Part One? By Liz Fuller
- Ethnofederalism in Russia and Circassian Autonomy, by Stephen Shenfield
- Can David Crystal's 6 point survival strategy be applied to the Circassian language?
- Book: The Russian conquest of the Caucasus, by John F. Baddeley (1908)
- Circassia, by Rieks Smeets (1995)
- Just like England: On the Liberal Institutions of the Circassians, by Paul Manning